Category Archives: Booth online

Vivid description of PC Ryeland

Sometimes in my research I find something that makes me laugh out loud, as did this extract from Charles Booth’s notebooks:

Walk with police constable W R Ryeland of the Hoxton subdivision of the G or Finsbury division of the Metropolitan Police…..

Ryeland is a man between 40-45. Has been 20 years in the police force. Always in Hoxton. Was on the GWR before joining. Brown short beard and moustache, teetotaller, pay 34/- per week. Rather over medium height. Black soft felt hat. Knows district well. Offends a little by his self-conscious righteousness but is really good, I think.

Charles Booth researched his poverty map of London in 1898-1899 by walking the beat with local police officers and learning about the type of people who lived in each street. I’m not sure what value there was to recording such detail about a police constable. Perhaps it was to help remind himself of the place when he has returned to his desk to revisit his notes and complete his maps. Or perhaps it was simply for personal amusement?

The Charles Booth online archive holds digitised versions of the notebooks. These aren’t transcribed, but if there is a Metropolitan Police Constable in your family tree, and you know which division they served with, it might be worth browsing the notebooks to see if they met Charles Booth and what he had to say about them. Hopefully your ancestor won’t ‘offend’ at all!

Booth maps a boon for London ancestors

I found this entry in the Charles Booth notebooks during my research recently:

Richardson’s Place, Greenwich:
‘At the entrance is a 3 storied house kept by a  ‘Chimney cleaner’. House well kept – flowers etc. Beyond this are 11 houses. 2 storied, 2 rooms, in courtyard with washhouses and 6 W.Co near entrance. Everything filthy. Rent 4/6 a week and have to buy key for W.C. Three navvies and gas stoker. DB [the classification is dark blue – very poor, casual income, chronic want]. Some girls (about 12 years of age) were playing schools in the court. It was a singing lesson. Before they noticed us, we were able to hear them sing two pieces, a negro melody and ‘The old folks at home’. They had good voices and sang the pieces well both as to time and tune. The only bright thing about the place, it was a tribute to the value of our Board Schools.’

Charles Booth undertook a survey of life and labour in London between 1886 and 1903. Every street in London was visited and notes were taken about the standard of living, types of property and types of people who lived there.

The original notebooks are available online for free, as is the poverty map of London. See Charles Booth online archive. The poverty map was produced in 1898-9, based on information gathered in the survey and each road is classified according to the income and social class of its inhabitants.

It can take a while to find the right street, but once you have, the information can paint a picture of the neighbourhood in a way that a census return or baptismal record rarely can.